Gum Disease: Symptoms and Treatment
Have you seen blood in the sink while brushing? Are your gums irritated, red, or swollen? All these are signs of gum diseases. When the gum disease is in its early stage, it is known as gingivitis where only gums are infected. If you leave it untreated, the infection can reach below the gum lone to your bones. This becomes a serious form of gum disease known as Periodontitis. The Periodontal diseases can put you at risk of several other diseases such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, pneumonia, and cancer.
Symptoms of Gum disease are:
- Red and swollen gums are the first sign of gum disease and it typically begins with inflammation along the gum line. The gums may bleed, pain, or feel tender when you brush and floss.
- Our mouth has millions of bacteria which feed on plaque. The more the plaque, the more the bacteria!
- If your teeth look longer than before, it can be a sign of receding gums says dentist in CA 92708.
- If a sip of cold beverage or water leads to pain, it is a sign of sensitivity caused by receding gums as sensitive part of the tooth is exposed.
- One of the first and effective treatment options is deep cleaning. Unlike regular cleaning, here the cleaning is done below the gum line where dentist will use special instruments. The cleaning procedure is known as scaling where the tartar is scrapped off above and below the gum line.
- The doctor may prescribe medications for controlling infection such as:
- The antibiotic gel is spread on gum pockets after deep cleaning to control infection.
- You can take enzyme suppressant after deep cleaning to block certain enzymes in your mouth that leads to break down of gum tissues.
- Oral antibiotics can be swallowed for serious infections.
- If deep cleaning can’t help, the dentist may suggest a surgery. There are two types of surgery namely flap surgery and gum graft surgery.
It’s important to treat the gum disease in its early stage for maintaining optimum Oral Health.